What is a Fetoscope?
A fetoscope is a gadget that is used by a doctor or heath officer to view an infant while in the uterus of the mother.
The fetoscope is usually inserted in the uterus through a thin incision in the stomach wall. This process is called a fetoscopy and is done with the help of ultrasound whereby the heath officer is will be in a position to see clearly thus avoiding the dangers of harming the infant. A fetoscopy is done when the infant and placenta has fully developed and this helps the doctor to diagnose any problem that might have developed in the baby.
Why would a Fetoscope be used?
The fetoscope serves a very important role in the development of an infant since it does the following:
- It helps the health officer to collect samples of skin tissues and blood from the baby and a test is done so as to identify if there is any inherited disease that might have affected the infant.
- It is also helps to establish if the unborn child has some birth defects and thus appropriate measures can be taken early to prevent the situation becoming worse.
- A patient is advised not to drink or eat food 8 hours before the procedure is started.
- Antibiotics are administered to the patient before a fetoscopy to control the chances of any infection.
- The doctor or the heath officer will advice the patient to sign a document that the patient is really wanting to go through the procedure and also if the patient is aware of the dangers associated with fetoscopy.
- The patient is given an opportunity by the doctor to contemplate and enquire any questions in regard to the fetoscopy and usage of the fetoscope.
- The doctor will examine the infants' heart rate.
- The doctor will give the patient some drugs e.g. meperidine so as to prevent the baby from any movement when the fetoscope is used.
- The patient is advised to take off the clothes around the waist down and thus leaving the stomach exposed for the procedure to be performed well.
- The patient is advised also to lie down on his/her back and the upper body will be raised slightly to enable the muscles in the stomach to relax effectively.
- The patients' lower stomach is cleaned by the doctor and anesthetic drug is administered in the area where the incision will be made.
- The ultrasound is used to determine the location of infant and also placenta.
- Once the position of the infant is established, the doctor will use the ultrasound as the principle guide so as to establish the exact location of where to make a small incision in the patient's stomach and uterus where the fetoscope will be inserted straight into the uterus.
- The doctor will scrutinize the infant and may choose to take samples to the laboratory for assessment.
- After the fetoscope is removed from the patient, the small incision is closed with stitches and a bandage is used.
- The doctor will do an ultrasound to establish if the infant is safe and the amniotic fluid level is reasonable.
- The ultrasound will be repeated after the fetoscopy to identify the safety of baby and placenta.
- Chances of miscarriage are high.
- Severe bleeding of the patient or infection which might pose a danger to the life of the mother.
- High chances of excessive leakage of the amniotic fluid which might cause a danger in the life of the unborn child.
- Preterm rupture of the membranes which might cause premature delivery of the unborn child.
- The mother's blood might mix with the baby's blood thus causing a danger to the mother and the infant.
- Excessive abdominal pain or cramping
- Severe chills and fever
- Feeling of dizziness
- Discharge of fluid or blood from the vagina or from the cut in the belly.
What are the dangers of using Fetoscope
fetoscopy is a very important procedure though it has some dangers that are associated with it. This is why it is only recommended for people who have a history of birth defects or when there is a high probability that the infant might not be normal.
What are the preparations before Fetoscopy is started.
When preparing for Fetoscopy the following is taken in to consideration:
How is Fetoscopy carried out?
What happens after the fetoscopy is finished?
What are the dangers that might occur after fetoscopy is done?
Once a fetoscopy has been performed the patients is advised to seek medication immediately if the following occurs:
Even though there can be side effects from using a fetoscope, it is a very important tool to discover developmental problems in an early stage.